After a fire, you will likely have several types of damage. The items damaged by the fire can exhibit ashing, charring, melting, or other distortion from the heat. Much of this material is likely not salvageable. The remainder may be lightly scorched, covered in soot, and have a strong odor of the fire. The biggest concern after a fire, is getting rid of the smoke smell and cleaning up the soot.
The complexity of property loss or destruction due to fire damage is due to the unique behavior of smoke. A trained fire damage professional should survey the loss site to determine the extent to which fire, smoke, heat, and moisture impacted building materials and contents. Smoke can penetrate within cavities of the structure, causing hidden damage and odor.
There are three methods to removing the smell of smoke:
1) Thermal Deodorization: Thermal foggers rely on? a deodorizing chemical that is vaporized in the fogger then blown into the room permeating all the contents and structural elements. The vaporized chemical pairs with the odor molecules to absorb them and rid the premise of the smell. This process is quite effective when combined with necessary cleaning.
2) Ozone Treatment: This is used for more serious odors. This is the primary method for clothing, upholstered items, papers, books or any other porous material affected with an odor. Ozone is produced by a machine into an airtight chamber where all the items needing deodorization have been placed. The machine takes oxygen out of the air, charges it electrically and turns it into Ozone. Ozone is highly reactive and combines with the molecules to chemically alter their structure and rid property of odor.
3) Air Filterization Device (AFD): The machine relies on three filters to purify and deodorize the air removing 99.9% of the odor causing molecules. The first filter removes large particles up to 10 microns and larger. The second filter removes particles up to 1 micron and larger. The third (or HEPA) filter removes the smaller size fibers from the air.
Types of Soot:
As always, Alert Disaster Restoration is here for all your fire damage restoration needs. Call us at: 1 (877) 435-8117.